Ayer y hoy del Abierto de Wimbledon

El Abierto de tenis de Wimbledon, el más antiguo del mundo, el tercer Grand Slam del año y el único con superficie de hierba es tal vez el más prestigioso del mundo. Sus jugadores sólo pueden usar prendas de color blanco y aunque ha cambiado mucho la moda desde el primer certamen, en 1877, la técnica y las figuras siempre han hecho parte de sus canchas. En sus más de 100 años de historia solo se ha suspendido en dos ocasiones por cuenta de la Primera (1915-18) y Segunda Guerra Mundial (1940-45). Los fenómenos del tenis no son sólo de las últimas décadas. William Rebshaw ganó 7 veces el torneo (década de 1880), al igual que Pete Sampras, en la del 90. En las mujeres, Martina Navratilova lidera la lista con 9, seguida de Helen Wills Moody con 8, entre 1927 y 1938.

Ayer y hoy del Abierto de Wimbledon

Ayer y hoy del Abierto de Wimbledon

Final of the 1910 All-comers' Singles tennis match at Wimbledon, London, England, featuring Anthony Wilding and Beals Wright. From - Anthony Frederick Wilding, On the court and off (London : Methuen, 1912) opposite p130.

Ayer y hoy del Abierto de Wimbledon

General view of Centre Court as Rafael Nadal plays defending champion Roger Federer during the Men's Singles final at Wimbledon, Sunday July 8, 2007.(AP Photo/Alex Livesey, Pool) ** EDITORIAL USE ONLY **

Ayer y hoy del Abierto de Wimbledon

French tennis player Henri Cochet, right, beat fellow Frenchman Jean Borotra in the Men's Singles final match on the Centre Court, Wimbledon, London, on July 5, 1927. Cochet won the match 4-6, 4-6, 6-3, 6-3, 7-5. (AP Photo)

Ayer y hoy del Abierto de Wimbledon

Switzerland's Roger Federer left, and Spain's Rafael Nadal pose for a photo prior to the start of the men's singles final on the Centre Court at Wimbledon, Sunday July 6 , 2008. (AP Photo/Anja Niedringhaus)

Ayer y hoy del Abierto de Wimbledon

French tennis player Henri Cochet leaps during the Menís Doubles Final at Wimbledon, London on July 4, 1931. His partner was compatriot Jacques Brugnon and the opposition were American players George Lott and John van Ryn. (AP Photo)

Ayer y hoy del Abierto de Wimbledon

Spain's Rafael Nadal makes a overhead smash return to Tomas Berdych of the Czech Republic during the men's single's finalat the All England Lawn Tennis Championships at Wimbledon, Sunday, July 4, 2010. (AP Photo/Anja Niedringhaus)

Ayer y hoy del Abierto de Wimbledon

U.S.A. tennis player Billie Jean King holds the winnerís plate after she won the ladies singles final, of the All England Lawn Tennis Championship at Wimbledon on July 4, 1975, for the sixth time. She beat Australiaís Mrs. Cawley (the former Evonn Goolagong) in two straight sets in 38 minutes, with a 6-0, 6-1 scores. (AP Photo)

Ayer y hoy del Abierto de Wimbledon

Petra Kvitova of the Czech Republic holds her trophy aloft after defeating Russia's Maria Sharapova in the ladies' singles final at the All England Lawn Tennis Championships at Wimbledon, Saturday, July 2, 2011.(AP Photo/Kirsty Wigglesworth)

Ayer y hoy del Abierto de Wimbledon

0Helen Jacobs of the United States reaches for a forehand drive in the first round match at the All England Lawn Tennis Championship in Wimbledon, England, June 29, 1936. Jacobs defeated her opponent Mrs. H. Cable, 6-1, 6-0. (AP Photo)

Ayer y hoy del Abierto de Wimbledon

Marina Erakovic of New Zealand returns a shot against Urszula Radwanska of Poland during a first round women's singles match at the All England Lawn Tennis Championships at Wimbledon, England, Tuesday, June 26, 2012. (AP Photo/Alastair Grant)

Ayer y hoy del Abierto de Wimbledon

Tennis players Sarah Palfrey Fabyan, left, and Helen Wills Moody in play during a doubles match for the USA against Great Britain in the Wightman Cup at Wimbledon, London on June 13, 1936. The USA team won. (AP Photo/Staff/Putnam)

Ayer y hoy del Abierto de Wimbledon

Sisters Serena, right and Venus, left Williams of U.S. play a return to Samantha Stosur and Rennae Stubbs of Australia during their women's doubles final match on the Centre Court at Wimbledon, Saturday, July 4, 2009. (AP Photo/Stefan Wermuth, pool)

Ayer y hoy del Abierto de Wimbledon

British tennis player Henry 'Bunny' Austin, in play during his match with American tennis player Elwood Cooke at Wimbledon, London, on July 3, 1939. (AP Photo)

Ayer y hoy del Abierto de Wimbledon

El serbio Novak Djokovic durante su partido contra el australiano Bernard Tomic en los cuartos de final del torneo de Wimbledon, el miÈrcoles 29 de junio de 2011. (AP Foto/Anja Niedringhaus)

Ayer y hoy del Abierto de Wimbledon

British tennis player Mrs. Dorothy Round Little in play against Mrs. Fabian of the U.S.A, unseen at Wimbledon, London on July 3, 1939. (AP Photo/Staff/Putnam)

Ayer y hoy del Abierto de Wimbledon

Maria Sharapova of Russia returns a shot to Anastasia Rodionova of Australia during a first round women's singles match at the All England Lawn Tennis Championships at Wimbledon, England, Monday, June 25, 2012. (AP Photo/Anja Niedringhaus)

Ayer y hoy del Abierto de Wimbledon

French tennis player Rene Lacoste, shown in this undated file photo, died at the age of 92 in a hospital at his hometown of St. Jean de Luz, southwestern France, according to his daughter, Sunday, Oct. 13, 1996. Lacoste, who dominated the tennis world in the 1920's and 1930's and created the famed Lacoste sport shirt with the crocodile emblem, won seven major singles titles in his career: Wimbledon twice, the U.S. open twice and the French Open three times. (AP Photo)

Ayer y hoy del Abierto de Wimbledon

Britain's Andy Murray makes a backhand return during his match against Finland's Jarkko Nieminen at the All England Lawn Tennis Championships at Wimbledon, Thursday, June 24, 2010. (AP Photo/Anja Niedringhaus)

Ayer y hoy del Abierto de Wimbledon

Go east, go west, go up to the fighting fronts - and youíll hear the American cry of ìPlay Ball!î Baseball, the American National Pastime, goes everywhere with our servicemen, and Britain is no exception in London, England June 9, 1944. Wembley Stadium, famed for international soccer play, resounded to American Huzzahs and Bronx cheers as baseball nines of the U.S. Ground Forces and U.S. 9th Air Force --- play brings a group of U.S. soldier to their feet. (AP Photo)

Ayer y hoy del Abierto de Wimbledon

Members of the British Armed Forces receive a standing ovation on Centre Court where they were guests to mark Britain's Armed Forces Day at the All England Lawn Tennis Championships at Wimbledon, Saturday, June 26, 2010. (AP Photo/Anja Niedringhaus)

Ayer y hoy del Abierto de Wimbledon

Jack Kramer of the U.S. holds his trophy as he shakes hands with Princess Margaret Rose after winning the men's singles championship at Wimbledon, July 4, 1947. Almost hidden by the Princess is Queen Elizabeth and King George is at center. (AP Photo)

Ayer y hoy del Abierto de Wimbledon

Britain's Queen Elizabeth II meets defending champion Roger Federer as she attends the Wimbledon Lawn Tennis Championships .for the first time in 33 years, Thursday June 24, 2010.(AP Photo/Oli Scarff, pool)